Advice FAQ's

Advice

I often get asked for my advice regarding the aspects of purchasing a cat or kitten. Thus I have cateorgarised the most popular queries below. If you have a specific question and can not find the advice you need here, please visit the FAQ's page or contact me.

Package

All of my kittens leave socialised, litter trained and with the following package:

Vet/Health check

My kittens are health checked by my vet at least three times before leaving me; at their first vaccination appointment, at their second vaccination appointment and at their neuter/spay appointment.

Primary course of vaccinations

My kittens are vaccinated at 9 weeks old and again at 12 weeks old (unless there is a valid reason to delay). My kittens are vaccinated with Versifel CVR and Leukocell 2 (first and second vaccine).

Versifel CVR

Versifel CVR protects against Feline Herpes Virus and Feline Calicivirus. These are the two major 'cat flu' viruses and can affect any age of cat. They are transmitted through contact with infected cats and cause sneezing, runny nose and eyes, high temperatures and can lead to pneumonia. Cat flu can be fatal in kittens and old cats.

Versifel CVR also protects against Feline Panleucopenia. This can affect any age of cat but kittens are at a higher risk. This virus is highly contagious and spreads rapidly. It is carried on shoes, clothing, food bowls and litter trays. Panleucopenia causes tiredness, fever, lack of appetite, vomiting and severe bloody diarrhea. The virus is fatal in 10% of unvaccinated cats.

Leukocell 2

Leukocell 2 protects against Feline Leukemia Virus. This can affect any age of cat although kittens are at a higher risk. The virus is transmitted by close contact with infected cats and also from a queen to her kitten before birth. FeLV causes leukemia but more commonly, the growth of tumors and the suppression of the immune system, making the cat more susceptible to other infections. Some cats can be carriers and although they appear healthy, they pass the virus on to others.

Vaccination for FeLV is optional and I choose not to vaccinate my early generation (F1-F3) cats. The vaccine is said to be fatal to their wild ancestors and I feel the risk is too high given that early generation cats retain a percentage of wild blood.

Within your paperwork file you will receive a vet card/booklet with the documented details of the vaccinations given to your kitten. You will need to keep this card/booklet safe and take it with you to future booster vaccination appointments. The first booster vaccination is given one year after the primary course and every year thereafter. The up keep of the booster vaccination is the responsibility and a contractual obligation of the new owner.

Preventative treatment for parasites

Aside from making life extremely uncomfortable, parasites can cause severe health problems for cats and kittens. Scratching and biting to relieve the itching can result in infection, while some parasites also transmit serious diseases.

As part of a parasite prevention treatment plan, my kittens are treated for both internal and external parasites. I use a combination of products over different intervals to ensure the kitten is protected from as many parasites as possible. Once my kittens leave, I advise that the treatments are rotated and repeated at 3 monthly intervals (as they must remain indoors).

Panacur oral suspension

Panacur small Animal 10% Oral Suspension (for kittens from 2 weeks of age) is a broad spectrum wormer for the treatment of:

Roundworms
Adult Roundworms are the most common intestinal parasite of the digestive tract in cats. They live in the small intestine and feed on digested food. An infested cat can pass millions of eggs in the feces each day and become infectious after a few days when they develop into larvae. They may remain infectious for years until eaten. Roundworms can also be passed through the milk of the mother to her kittens.

Tapeworms
Adult tapeworms live in the cat's digestive system. They are flat worms that consist of a head, neck, and then a number of segments. The head has suckers or muscular grooves that enable the tapeworm to attach itself to the cat's intestine. Each tapeworm segment has its own reproductive organs and new segments are continually formed in the neck region of the worm. Those at the end of the tapeworm are cast off as they mature and these segments contain a large numbers of eggs which may often be seen near the anus of the cat. Fleas can also transmit tapeworms.

Lungworms
Lungworms are a small parasite that burrow themselves in the lung or nearby tissue of cats. Lungworms damage the lungs and airways and can lead to infections, severe breathing problems and pneumonia. Cats that are allowed to roam outdoors are especially at risk. They become infected when they drink water or eat prey infected with the larval stage of the worm. The larvae then migrate out of the intestines via the bloodstream to the lungs. This is where they develop into adult worms and lay eggs in the cat's lungs. The eggs are then coughed up by the cat or passed in feces which may then be eaten by other pets.

Panacur is also effective against:

Giardia
Giardia is a protozoan (single-celled organism) parasite that lives in the small intestine of the cat. A cat becomes infected by eating the cyst form of the parasite which opens up and releases an active form called a trophozoite. They attach to the intestinal wall and reproduce by dividing. This form develops a wall around itself (encysts) and is passed in the feces. The Giardia in the feces can contaminate the environment and water and infect other animals and people. Giardia are responsible for causing a great deal of disruption in the digestive system and cause severe diarrhea, dehydration and stomach cramps.

Milbemax oral tablet

Milbemax oral tablet (for kittens weighing at least 0.5kg and at least 6 weeks of age) is a broad spectrum wormer for the treatment of:

Roundworms
Adult Roundworms are the most common intestinal parasite of the digestive tract in cats. They live in the small intestine and feed on digested food. An infested cat can pass millions of eggs in the feces each day and become infectious after a few days when they develop into larvae. They may remain infectious for years until eaten. Roundworms can also be passed through the milk of the mother to her kittens.

Tapeworms
Adult tapeworms live in the cat's digestive system. They are flat worms that consist of a head, neck, and then a number of segments. The head has suckers or muscular grooves that enable the tapeworm to attach itself to the cat's intestine. Each tapeworm segment has its own reproductive organs and new segments are continually formed in the neck region of the worm. Those at the end of the tapeworm are cast off as they mature and these segments contain a large numbers of eggs which may often be seen near the anus of the cat. Fleas can also transmit tapeworms.

Hookworms
Hookworms are the most common intestinal parasites of cats (especially kittens) and can cause severe disease including anemia and serious diarrhea. Hookworms have either teeth like structures or cutting plates with which they attach themselves to the wall of the intestine and feed on the cats blood. Hookworms can cause a skin disease in humans called cutaneous larval migrans.

Heartworms
Heartworm disease is difficult to diagnose in cats. Heart worms belong to the same class of worms as roundworms (and they look a bit like roundworms) but heart worms spend their adult life in the right side of the heart. They have rarely been found in people.

Stronghold spot on

Stronghold spot on (15mg for cats up to 2.5kg) is a spot on solution for the treatment and prevention of:

Biting lice
Lice are insects that can be seen with the naked eye. They are flattened, possess no wings and do not persist or travel in the environment. They do not tend to leave cats and kittens, spending their entire life cycle on them. There are several kinds of lice including blood-sucking lice and those that chew skin. Transmission is by direct contact with an infested pet. Lice lay eggs on the hair shafts of the cat and the life cycle takes about 21 days to complete. Cats have one biting louse and that is Felicola subrostratus. None of the lice of cats or dogs present a problem to humans.

Ear mites
Ear mites are spread by direct contact with another cat or via infected bedding. Mites irritate the inside of a cat’s ear, so if your kitten flicks his or her ears frequently or has a lot of earwax, they may be suffering from ear mites.

Fleas
Fleas are insects. Tiny, brown-black adult fleas feed from the cat by sucking its blood and can go several months without a meal. Flea bites themselves may be unnoticeable on some cats causing only slight irritation but in others, fleas produce severe itching, red lesions, hair loss, and even ulcers. The severe lesions are caused by a high allergy to the flea saliva. A large number of fleas can cause anemia, especially in kittens. Some cats have been known to die if the anemia is severe.

Sarcoptic mange (scabies)
The Sarcopter scabiei mite (which can also affect people) attaches itself to the skin of the cat. The mites spend their entire life on a cat. After mating with a male mite, the female mite burrows into the skin and lays eggs several times as she continues burrowing. After she deposits the eggs, the female mite dies, the eggs hatch into larvae which mature into nymphs which then molts into an adult while it is still in the burrow. The adults mate, and the process continues. Sarcoptic mange cause severe itching to the face, eyelids and neck. The mites can also spread to the feet and lower abdomen. As the disease progresses the skin will become thickened, wrinkled, and covered with grayish/yellow crusts. Because of the intense itching the infected cat will often scratch and irritate the skin causing secondary infections to develop.

Roundworms
Adult Roundworms are the most common intestinal parasite of the digestive tract in cats. They live in the small intestine and feed on digested food. An infested cat can pass millions of eggs in the feces each day and become infectious after a few days when they develop into larvae. They may remain infectious for years until eaten. Roundworms can also be passed through the milk of the mother to her kittens.

Hookworms
Hookworms are the most common intestinal parasites of cats (especially kittens) and can cause severe disease including anemia and serious diarrhea. Hookworms have either teeth like structures or cutting plates with which they attach themselves to the wall of the intestine and feed on the cats blood. Hookworms can cause a skin disease in humans called cutaneous larval migrans.

Heartworms
Heartworm disease is difficult to diagnose in cats. Heart worms belong to the same class of worms as roundworms (and they look a bit like roundworms) but heart worms spend their adult life in the right side of the heart. They have rarely been found in people.

Advocate spot on treatment

Advocate spot on (for small cats up to 4kg) is a spot on solution for the treatment of:

Ear mites
Ear mites are spread by direct contact with another cat or via infected bedding. Mites irritate the inside of a cat’s ear, so if your kitten flicks his or her ears frequently or has a lot of earwax, they may be suffering from ear mites.

Fleas and flea larvae
Fleas are insects. Tiny, brown-black adult fleas feed from the cat by sucking its blood and can go several months without a meal. Flea bites themselves may be unnoticeable on some cats causing only slight irritation but in others, fleas produce severe itching, red lesions, hair loss, and even ulcers. The severe lesions are caused by a high allergy to the flea saliva. A large number of fleas can cause anemia, especially in kittens. Some cats have been known to die if the anemia is severe.

Sarcoptic mange (scabies)
The Sarcopter scabiei mite (which can also affect people) attaches itself to the skin of the cat. The mites spend their entire life on a cat. After mating with a male mite, the female mite burrows into the skin and lays eggs several times as she continues burrowing. After she deposits the eggs, the female mite dies, the eggs hatch into larvae which mature into nymphs which then molts into an adult while it is still in the burrow. The adults mate, and the process continues. Sarcoptic mange cause severe itching to the face, eyelids and neck. The mites can also spread to the feet and lower abdomen. As the disease progresses the skin will become thickened, wrinkled, and covered with grayish/yellow crusts. Because of the intense itching the infected cat will often scratch and irritate the skin causing secondary infections to develop.

Roundworms
Adult Roundworms are the most common intestinal parasite of the digestive tract in cats. They live in the small intestine and feed on digested food. An infested cat can pass millions of eggs in the feces each day and become infectious after a few days when they develop into larvae. They may remain infectious for years until eaten. Roundworms can also be passed through the milk of the mother to her kittens.

Hookworms
Hookworms are the most common intestinal parasites of cats (especially kittens) and can cause severe disease including anemia and serious diarrhea. Hookworms have either teeth like structures or cutting plates with which they attach themselves to the wall of the intestine and feed on the cats blood. Hookworms can cause a skin disease in humans called cutaneous larval migrans.

Heartworms
Heartworm disease is difficult to diagnose in cats. Heart worms belong to the same class of worms as roundworms (and they look a bit like roundworms) but heart worms spend their adult life in the right side of the heart. They have rarely been found in people.

Whipworms
Infections with Trichuris serrata, the whipworm that affects cats is rare in that species. A cat becomes infected by ingesting food or water contaminated with whip worm eggs. The eggs are swallowed, hatch and in three months, the larvae mature into adults in the cecum and large intestine where they burrow their mouths into the intestinal wall and feed on blood. Adult worms lay eggs that are passed in the feces. The eggs must remain in the soil for about a month to mature and be capable of causing infection.

Neuter/spay

Kittens bought as pets are neutered and spayed before leaving me. ESN (early spay, neuter) is proven to be safe and effective and avoids many of the potential complications that can be had later in life; altered cats are less likely to wander, stray, call (if female) or spray (if male). The chance of contracting some infectious cat diseases will be reduced as will the likelihood of developing mammary tumors (breast cancers), pyometra (life threatening womb infections), testicular cancer, and many other illnesses. Male cats in particular will improve in physical body condition and their urine will smell less pungent.

There is no evidence to show that ESN inhibits growth or causes urinary problems and my kittens resume their normal activities and routines after surgery much more quickly than adult cats.

Whilst I do ESN, my vet will not operate before 16 - 20 weeks of age (depending on the kittens size and weight). Following the procedure, males do not need to be seen again and can therefore leave me within a few days of neuter. However females may need to return two weeks later to have their stitches removed (this is dependent on which vet operates on the day). If dissolvable stitches have been used on the inside, the female kitten may leave a few days after spay.

Microchip implant and registration

Having successfully completed a microchip implanting course (alongside my husband) in 2011, I microchip (at my own cost) and register* every kitten before they leave me.

Certificates of Microchipping course completeion

*Once I have registered the kitten onto the Petlog database, the new owner is required to complete an account set up and pay for the registration.

The petDetect microchip is designed and manufactured in Europe to the highest quality standards by patent-owners Trovan. Trovan animal microchips provide quality and reliability from casing to core. Fully compliant with ISO FDX-B and well suited to the Pet Travel Scheme, Trovan microchips are used in pets, wildlife and zoo animals across the world. World-wide protected patents ensure their unique design incorporating fewer connection points than any other microchips. German manufacturing ensures each microchip is held to the highest standards. Trovan needles are designed to minimise discomfort with an exceptionally sharp edge and cleverly shaped bevel.

4 weeks pet Insurance

In conjunction with Pet Plan, I am able to provide 4 weeks free insurance for new owners (of kittens under 1 year old).

Petplan insurance cover voucher

This cover includes (as of 01/01/17):

  • Up to £4,000 veterinary fees for illness and injury
  • Up to £750 for loss by theft or straying
  • Up to £750 for death from illness or injury
  • Up to £200 for advertising and reward if the puppy/kitten is lost or stolen

Upon activation, new owners will be issued with a (completed) confirmation of cover voucher. This will need to be kept safe in the event of a claim being made.

Registration papers

Sittingpretty is a TICA registered cattery and prefix. Despite also being registered with GCCF, I do choose to register all of my cats and kittens with TICA. When buying a cat or kitten, you are entitled to their official registration papers. This is proof that your cat/kitten and their dam and sire are full pedigree and registered.

Once a litter reaches 6 weeks old, I am able to register it as a unit. I now do my registrations online through the TDS system. Once the registration process is complete and paid for, Tica issue the relevant white 'breeder slips' to my TDS account. All new owners will receive a printed breeder slip and instructions will be provided as to how to complete individual kitten registration (into their own name).

Tica breeder slip

Five generation pedigree

New owners will receive a printed five generation pedigree which documents the details of the kittens Parents, Grandparents, Great Grandparents, Great Great Grandparents and Great Great Great Grandparents.

Sales contract

All new owners will also be asked to sign a sales contract and will be given a signed copy (by both parties) to keep.

Complimentary kitten pack

All of my kittens leave with a complimentary kitten pack which includes advisory literature, food samples and toys.

Find us and follow us on Facebook, Twitter, Instagram, You tube and Pinterest

Facebook icon Twitter icon Instagram icon Youtube icon Pinterest icon